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화물 운송은 훨씬 더 복잡한 산업 조건을 가진 복잡한 시장입니다. 당사의 목표는 모든 사람이 이러한 조건을 더 쉽게 이해할 수 있도록 하는 것입니다. 화물 운송의 중요한 부분으로서, 당사는 귀하의 처분에 필요한 모든 정보를 추가했습니다.

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Short form Full designation
EXW Ex Works
FCA Free Carrier
CPT Carriage Paid To
CIP Carriage and Insurance Paid to
DPU Delivered Place Unloaded
DAP Delivered At Place
DDP Delivered Duty Paid
FAS Free Alongside Ship
FOB Free On Board
CFR Cost and Freight
CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight

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Download: Logistics Dictionary (English)

Short form Full designation Description
3PL Third Party Logistics A company’s use of a third-party to outsource its distribution, warehousing and other services.
4PL Fourth Party Logistics A company outsources its logistics organisation and management to a single partner. 4PL providers manage the complete supply chain on behalf of the manufacturer or service provider.
ADR Accord Dangereux Routier ADR stands for Dangerous Goods by Road (European regulations concerning the international transport of dangerous goods by road).
AGS Aden Gulf Surcharge Gulf of Aden Surcharge is the surcharge due to security measures when sailing through the Gulf of Aden
AGV Automated Guided Vehicle Materials handling robot that follows along marked long lines or wires on the floor, or uses radio waves, vision cameras, magnets, or lasers for navigation. They are most often used in industrial applications, such as factories and warehouses.
AS/RS Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems Consists of a variety of computer-controlled systems for automatically placing and retrieving loads from defined storage locations.
ATA Actual Time of Arrival The exact time of arrival at its destination
ATA-Carnet Temporary Admission International temporary export and import document which simplifies the customs clearance and replaces all export, import and transit documents.
ATD Actual Time of Departure The exact time of departure from the point of origin
ATR-Certificate Admission Temporaire Roulette Certificate Customs document that can be used with trade between EU countries and Turkey.
AW Actual Weight Actual weight is exactly what the product weighs including packaging.
AWB Air Way Bill Transportation document for airfreight.
B/L Bill of Loading Required document issued by a carrier to a shipper, detailing a type of shipment, quantity and the destination of the shipment.
B2B Business to Business Trade between companies.
B2C Business to Consumer Trade between company and the consumer of the goods.
BAF Bunker Adjustement Factor Surcharge levied on shipping companies, the floating price level of fuel in ocean freight shipping and is typically updated on a quarterly basis.
Barcode Barcode Identification of the goods
Block pallet Block pallet Type of pallet with 9 blocks of wood placed in all four corners. The dimensions of a block pallet are 120 x 100 cms.
Break Bulk Goods that must be loaded individually Goods that cannot be transported in or on a container by (ocean going) vessel due to their exceptionally large dimensions or weight.
Bulk Goods that is transported unpackaged in large quantities Bulk shipping is the transportation of goods in large quantity, usually not packed but loaded directly into a vessel.
CAF Currency Adjustment Factor Currency surcharge.
Carrier Company that provides transportation services A company that is legally entitled to transport goods by land, water, and air. 
CBM Cubic Meter A volume that is made by a cube that is 1 meter on each side.
Chassis Semi hangar Trailer chassis for transporting goods in containers.
CMR Carriage of goods document CMR stands for (Convention relative au contrat de transport international de marchandises par route). Is a carriage of goods document, used during international trade activities when goods are being transported by road.
Co-Loader A co-loader consolidates LCL shipments A third party who consolidates the cargo of two or more LCL shipments in a container before handing it over to the carrier.
COD Change of Destination Change of agreed delivery address
Commodity Commodity A commodity is a good used in commerce.
Community Goods Community Goods Community goods are goods that are still in free circulation in the EU. As such, no import duties have to be paid on these goods.
Consignee Consignee The consignee is the reciever of the goods.
Consignor Sender/Shipper The sender/shipper of the goods is where the goods is sent/shipped from.
Consolidation Consolidation Consolidation is the process where a carrier or a shipping company combines several smaller shipments into one full container.
Control Tower Control Tower An expert group that seamlessly manages, drives and further develops the supply chain and product flow for your business.
Conversion Key Conversion Key Conversion factor from cbm/LM to weight.
COO Certficate Of Origin A document declaring in which country a commodity or good was manufactured.
Cross-docking Cross-docking Cross-docking is the practice of unloading goods from inbound delivery vehicles and loading them directly onto outbound vehicles
Customs Clearance Customs Clearance The act of taking goods through the customs authority to facilitate the movement of cargo into a country (import) and outside the country (export)
CW Chargeable Weight The actual gross weight or the volumetric weight of the shipment – whichever is higher.
CY Container Yard Location of where containers are stored on the terminal or dry port before they are loaded or offloaded from a ship.
Deep Sea Deep Sea The maritime transport of goods on intercontinental routes, crossing ocean
D/O Delivery Order A document from a consignee, or an owner or his agent of freight carrier which orders the release of the transportation of cargo to another party
Demurrage Demmurage A document from the consignee, shipper, or owner of freight, ordering a terminal operator, carrier or warehouseman to deliver freight to another party.
Detention Detention The charged payment by shipping companies to their clients for the use of their containers outside the free period, after they have left the terminal.
DGD Dangerous Goods Declaration Document for the shipper to provide critical information to the aircraft operator or carrier in a format that is consisten throughout the transportation industry.
DGR Dangerous Goods Regulations Global reference for shipping dangerous goods by air and the only standard recognized by the global Airline industry.
Dry Bulk Cargo Dry Bulk Cargo Dry bulk cargoes cover a range of produce and raw materials that have two features in common: they are unpacked and are homogeneous
EAN European Article Numbering A series of letters and numbers in a unique order that helps identify specific products within your own inventory.
EDD Explosives Detection Dogs Screening technique for explosives detection, with this screening method dogs are used.
EDI Electronic Data Interchange The intercompany communication of business documents in a standard format.
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning A process used by companies to manage and integrate the important parts of their businesses.
ETA Estimated Time of Arrival The time when a ship, vehicle, aircraft, cargo, emergency service or person is expected to arrive at a certain place.
ETD Estimated Time of Departure The time when a ship, vehicle, aircraft, cargo, emergency service or person is expected to depart at a certain place.
EUR-1 EUR-1 Certificate An EUR1 certificate is used to proof the origin of goods moving into the European Union (EU) territory
EUR-Pallet EURO-Pallet According to EPAL (European Pallet Association), Euro pallets are the standard pallets used for transport in Europe. The dimensions of a Euro pallet are 100 x 80 cms.
EX-A EX-A Document An export document which is required when a shipment, that has been originated in the EU (or has been Customs cleared in the EU), leaves the European territory.
Export Export Export is the process of transporting locally produced goods from one country to another for future sales.
FCL Full Container Load Ocean shipment in which the cargo occupies a full container
Feeder Feeder A short-sea network between ports with the objective of consolidating or redistributing freight to or from a deep sea service in one of these ports, the so-called hub port
FEU/FFU Forty Equivalent Unit/ Forty Foot Unit A measure of volume in units of 40-foot long containers
Forwarder Forwarder An agent who acts on behalf of shippers to arrange the transportation of goods.
FSC Fuel Surcharge Charge to cover the fluctuating cost of fuel.
FTL Full Truck Load The ground transportation service in which a complete truck is dedicated to a single load or, in other words, to a single customer
FYCO Physical Inspection Inspection by Customs in which the doors of the container are opened and. the contents of the container are physically inspected
GSP Certificate General System of Preference Certificate A preferential tariff system granted by bunch of developed countries to developing or least developed countries
GW Gross Weight Actual weight of the shipment
HAWB House Air Way Bill A transport document, which is used in air shipments, issued and signed by a freight forwarder, generally on a natural air waybill format, evidences the terms and conditions of the carriage of goods as specified by the freight forwarder.
HAZMAT Hazardous Material Substances in quantities or forms that may pose a reasonable risk to health, property, or the environment
HB/L House Bill of Loading A document created by a freight forwarder or non-vessel operating company (NVOCC). The document is an acknowledgment of the receipt of goods that are to be shipped. I
HS Harmonized Statistic Code The common standard worldwide for describing the type of commodity.
HT Heat Treated A group of industrial, thermal and metalworking processes used to alter the physical, and sometimes chemical, properties of a material
IATA International Air Transport Association The trade association of the world’s international airline industry.
IBC Intermediate Bulk Container A transporting and storing container for liquids and solids
IM-A   Upon entry of goods from outside the EU, that are intended to remain in the EU, there has been import of those goods. This import is controlled by an import document (IM-A document).
Import Import Import is the process of receiving or bringing in goods from abroad for the purpose of trade.
Incoterm International Commercial Terms Is an abbreviation for “International Commercial Terms.” This term represents a very useful way of communication and it’s actually aimed at reducing confusion between buyers and sellers.
ISPS International Ship and Port Facility Security Code A set of measures to enhance the security of ships and port facilities
Lashing / Securing Lashing / Securing Fixing of cargo on or in a container with wood, chains or other materials to stuff the cargo safe and seaworthy.
LC Letter of Credit A letter from a bank guaranteeing that a buyer’s payment to a seller will be received on time and for the correct amount
LCL Less than Container Load LCL (less than container load) is a mode of shipping via ocean. An LCL shipment will be consolidated with other LCL shipments into one container.
LDM Loading Meter A loading meter is the standard unit of measurement for transport by truck. In other words, a LDM is equal to one meter of loading space of the truck’s length.
Lo/Lo Lift on/Lift off Lift on/lift off vessel using a crane.
LOI Letter of indemnity A letter of indemnity is a document exempting one party from liability to any claim that may arise from the other party.
LTL Less Than Truckload The transportation of products or goods that does not require a full truckload due to the smaller nature of the parcel
MAWB Master Air Way Bill A transport document which is issued by the air cargo carrier or its agent
MBL Master Bill of Lading Document created for shipping companies by their carriers as a receipt of transfer
Missing IOD Missing IOD No information on delivery of the goods.
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet A document that contains information on the potential hazards (health, fire, reactivity and environmental) and how to work safely with the chemical product
Non-Community Goods Non-Community Goods Non-Community goods are goods that are not in free circulation in the EU and must remain under customs control.
NOR Non-Operating Reefer Reefers that serve as dry boxes by disabling the refrigeration unit for a journey
Notify Party Notify Party Any party that is notified with shipment information by a carrier upon the arrival of cargo at its destination
NRFC Not Ready For Carriage Additional charges in case of the shipment needs extra handling (adjusting AWB, re-pack, unloading)
NVOCC Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier An ocean carrier that transports goods under its own House Bill of Lading, or equivalent documentation, without operating ocean transportation vessels
PDA Barcode Scanner Handheld scanner for reading the barcode on labels.
POD Proof Of Delivery A document that confirms receipt of an item
POL Port Of Loading Place where shipments are loaded and secured aboard a vessel.
Prefix Prefix A three-digits identificatior by every airline, approved by IATA and ICAO and standing in the beginning of each Airwaybill
RFC Ready For Carriage A shipment that is acceptable to carrier and ready to be transported by carrier.
Reefer A refrigerated container A refrigerated container for the transportation of temperature-sensitive cargo.
REST Remote Explosive Scent Tracing A survey methodology based on using dogs and rats to detect landmines and explosive remnants of war
Ro/Ro Roll on/Roll off A vessel that is specialized for transporting wheeled cargo such as cars, busses, trailers, tractors, railroad cars, etc, which are driven on and off the ship on their own wheels.
Shipper Shipper of cargo Sender of the goods.
SSS Short Sea Shipping The maritime transport of goods over relatively short distances, as opposed to the intercontinental cross-ocean deep sea shipping
SLA Service Level Agreement An agreement between a logistics service provider and the customer regarding delivery times.
SSC Security Surcharge Additional cost according to safety risks involved.
Stevedore Stevedore A person who is employed to load or unload cargo of a vessel.
Storage Storage The activity of storing products at warehouses and logistics centers.
Stripping Stripping of container Stripping is the unloading of various small consignments from a single container.
Stuffing Stuffing of container Is the process by which goods are loaded into a container to be shipped.
SWB Sea Way Bill Transportation document for ocean freight. Not to be confused with B/L. A Sea Way Bill, however is not needed for cargo delivery and is only issued as a cargo receipt.
T1 T1 Document A transit document which allows for goods which originated outside the European Union to move freely within the European Union
T2 T2 Document Document for the movement of free circulation goods within the community for which the duties and other charges had been paid at the place of entry itself.
TEU Twenty-Foot Container Equivalent Unit The TEU is equivalent to a 20 feet long (6 meters) and 8 feet wide (2.40 meters) container.
THC Terminal Handling Charges Terminal and handling costs.
TMS Transportation Management System Platform designed to streamline the transportation process, and may be part of an entrerprise resource planning (ERP) system.
Ton-Kilometer Ton-Kilometer A unit that is used in transport geography and the transport economy to indicate the evolution of freight traffic.
Transit Port Transit Port A port where the cargo handled is merely en route to its destination.
ULD Unit Load Device Container used to transport cargo specially adapted for airfreight.
VAL Valuable Cargo High value shipments need special care to ensure a safe and secure transport.
W/M Weight/Measurement Weight and Measurement of the shipment
Waiver Cargo Tracking Note of Waiver Waiver is a shipping document needed when transporting goods to or through Central and Western Africa countries.
WMS Warehouse Management System Software appliction developed to support and and optimize distribution center management and warehouse functionality.
X-Ray Energetic High-Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation Screening technique specially developed to screen large cargo volumes at the same time. With this screening method a highly advanced machine will be used, pallets size up to 180 cm wide and 180 cm high can be scanned.
YOC Yard Occupancy Charge  
DR Direct Representation European legislation allows for declarations for customs regulations to be made as a direct representative. This means that this declaration is effectuated in the name and at the expense of a different party.
KC Known consignor A shipper of freight or mail authorised to ship on its own account, and whose processes meet the common security standards and regulations for transporting the relevant freight or mail by air
CFS Container Freight Station  

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